Facial reconstruction made of Bronze Age woman ‘Ava’


This research problem is older than the discipline of archaeology itself. Were the `Beaker people´ immigrants or indigenous to prehistoric Britain? Nineteenth century antiquarian barrow-diggers observed that the wide-headed (brachycephalic) skulls of Beaker burials were distinguishable from the narrow (dolichocephalic) skulls within Neolithic long barrows, and attributed these to different populations. Since then, theories of a migrant `Beaker folk´ have been contested by alternative theories which interpret the distinctive Beaker pots and associated material culture as part of a Europe-wide `Beaker package´ or cultural pattern adopted by local communities. Beaker isotope project – Research – Archaeology – The University of Sheffield

Beaker using communities lived across Europe around 2,500 BC around about the time of Stonehenge. In more Western regions, such as Britain, they were the first people to use copper and gold (giving rise to the term Copper Age or Chalcolithic). They buried their people in special ways, characteristically with a distinctive type of pot, known to archaeologist as a Beaker. http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/blogs/news/2013/04/19/beaker-burial#sthash.vaByEvSa.dpuf